Chief Tshwane Statue
Tshwane (Pretoria), South Africa, Africa
Date of incident: 07/12/06

The bronze statue of Chief Tshwane (a pre-colonial chief whom many believe never existed*) was unveiled on July 6, 2006. The statue was erected as part of the Re Kgabisa Tshwane project, jointly funded by the national government, the Tshwane Metropolitan Council, and private developers. The statue symbolizes a “deliberate contradiction”** and was erected as part of the reclamation of the capital’s heritage, which includes the city’s name changing from Pretoria to Tshwane in March 2005. Some South Africans protested these changes and on July 12, 2006, the statue’s breechcloth was painted blue, white and orange (the colors of South Africa’s apartheid era flag) and the letters BB (code for “black bastard" during apartheid era). The statue and plinth it rests on were also urinated on that same night.